If acne scarring appears on your skin, as soon as possible begin an acne treatment to minimize the scarring. Laser therapy, dermabrasion, microdermabrasion and chemical peels can help improve the appearance of shallow acne scars. Injection of collagen, fat or other substances under the skin can cause the skin to thicken over the scars.
After the separation is complete, additional treatments like laser treatment and dermabrasion can be used to improve the appearance of the scar. A treatment that can be helpful before any laser or peel is called subcision, a procedure that loosens the scar which is attached to deeper muscles or tissues so that it can move freely. Both are used to improve their response to laser, chemical peels, or microneedling. Others use dermabrasion, a technique such as abrasive discs on the skin.
Lasers and other light treatments can safely and effectively treat raised scars by pulsing dye laser (PDL) treatments can help relieve itching and pain, reduce discoloration and smooth a raised scar.
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) can also be used for people with fair skin. Doctors also use lasers to treat other types of scars, including burn scars, skin cancer and tattoo removal.
The dermatologist may use a laser resurfacing procedure to remove the outer layer of skin and areas around acne scars or to reduce redness around the healing areas from acne. Fractional laser treatments, intense pulsed light phototherapy and RejavaPen improve the texture of the skin after acne.
However, there are many treatments that can reduce the visible nature of acne scars, and hyperpigmentation can also be a temporary side effect of acne scar treatment, especially in people with darker skin.
Acne scars don’t have to be permanent as some home remedies and medications can help to get rid of them. There are a variety of over-the-counter treatments that can help with acne and reduce the appearance of scars. There is no magic potion for giving your skin a glowing, scar-free glow overnight, but there are great makeup products that can hide acne scars.
According to board-certified dermatologist Corey Hartman, M.D., before choosing a home treatment, it is important to know what acne scars are and what they are not and when to distinguish them from hyperpigmentation, dark spots caused by inflammatory skin problems such as acne and eczema. It goes without saying that acne affects different skin tones in different ways which are helpful when identifying and removing acne marks and scars.
As board-certified dermatologist Michele Green, MD noted that inflammation from blackheads, acne, and cystic pimples – large and sometimes painful rashes – can damage skin tissues and even cause acne scars. This is why it is important to remove scars using exfoliation and pore tightening techniques.
After the operation, your skin will be red and painful for several months, but as it heals, you should notice an improvement in the appearance of the scar. Microdermabrasion This is an effective scar removal treatment that uses a high-speed toothbrush or other equipment to restore the surface of the skin and remove or reduce the depth of the scar. Generally speaking, microdermabrasion is best for acne scars that are folded and located on the skin, because these scars are easy to wear.
A small procedure called a perforated excision is used to cut off individual acne scars and repair the wound with stitches or a skin graft. Using a technique called subcision, the doctor inserts needles under the skin to loosen the fibers underneath the scar. A new scar can fade over time or disappear faster with resurfacing techniques such as microdermabrasion or laser treatment.
The hole left after the incision can be repaired with sutures or skin grafts. Subcutaneous resection involves the use of a surgical probe or needle to separate the skin and scar tissue from the pimples. The second, undercut, occurs when the doctor inserts a needle under the skin to loosen the fibers of the scar and improve its appearance. The first procedure is called percussion resection, in which a single scar is removed and repaired with sutures or skin grafts.
A small punch, often described as a tiny round cookie cutter is used to cut a scar from the skin. Scars form when collagen fills damaged areas of the skin with a column that mimics a wound. Moving the scar closer to the surface of the skin makes it less noticeable. Because the scar tissue is light pink in color, it is more noticeable in people with darker skin tones.
Some treatments remove hypopigmentation completely, but chemical peels and laser resurfacing can help in creating a more balanced skin tone. Dermatologists often modify collagen with lasers that do not completely remove the acne scars, but can improve them by 30% or more, says Dr. Woolery-Lloyd. They can improve the rough texture of the skin through exfoliation and help reduce the appearance of scars.
Lactic acid helps lighten dark scar tissue and can also be used as a peel to remove dead skin cells. When acting as a peel, it helps reduce scarring and smoothes the overall texture of the skin. Because of this possible side effect, it is best to test lactic acid-containing products on a small area of skin before using them to treat acne scars.