What Causes Stretch Marks?

What Causes Stretch Marks
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As the body grows, the connective fibers of the dermis slowly stretch to accommodate the slow growth. This causes the dermis to rupture, allowing the deeper layers of the skin to shine through. When the skin is stretched too quickly in either direction, it causes tears, and skin below the surface can show through.

The faster the skin stretches, the more likely it is to leave marks on it. If your skin is not enough, marks may appear when you stretch. Make sure that the children know that this is normal and that signs of childhood may disappear as they age.

Pregnancy due to tight skin and the release of hormones that weaken the skin fibers. They can often be seen when a woman’s belly gets larger during pregnancy.

Dilation of the underlying tissues is the most common cause, so it is more likely to occur during the growth spurt during adolescence and abdominal distension in the third trimester. They can also occur in bodybuilders due to rapid weight gain and, in some cases, excessive exposure of the skin to the hormone cortisol. They occur in certain parts of the body, where the skin is continuously and progressively stretched.

Examples of common stretch mark that the Mayo Clinic also provides include weight gain (in the form of fat and/or muscle), growth spurts during pregnancy and puberty, but it is also noted that certain medications and other conditions and diseases can increase stretch marks possibility. … This may be the result of taking corticosteroid drugs or diseases such as Cushing’s syndrome.

They differ depending on how long you have had them, what causes them, where they are on your body and your skin type. Several factors affect their severity, including your genetics and the degree of stress on your skin.

The hormone cortisol, which increases during pregnancy, may also play a role. As mentioned, stretch marks can form late in pregnancy, although this depends on the woman’s skin type and elasticity. When they do, stretch marks usually appear on the belly as the baby grows and stretch the skin there, but they aren’t always limited to the belly alone – pregnant women can also form stretch marks on the hips and breasts.

In adolescents, they are common on the thighs, buttocks, breasts (females), and back (males). They are divided into atrophy lines (skin thinning), stretch marks (after pregnancy), expansion lines (skin lengthening), red lines (red), white lines (white), black lines (black), and blue lines (dark blue) …Purple and pink scars are called red stripes, and silver lines are called white stripes. Stretch marks start as red or purple lesions and can appear on any part of the body, but are more likely to appear in areas where more fat is stored; the most common areas are the abdomen (especially near the belly button), chest, and shoulders, Armpits, back, thighs (inner and outer), thighs and buttocks.

This type of scar occurs when the skin cannot return to its normal shape after a period of intense growth, usually due to pregnancy, weight gain, weight loss, or puberty. After the connective tissue stretches beyond its elasticity, stretch marks will form in the dermis when the skin rapidly expands or contracts due to a sudden weight loss or gain. Yes, in addition to weight gain, weight loss can also cause them, so even if significant weight loss brings huge gains, you may also fall into stretch marks as a result. Long-term use of corticosteroids on the skin can also cause stretch marks.

This is especially true when there is an increase in cortisone levels – an increase in cortisone levels can increase the likelihood or severity of stretch marks by decreasing the flexibility of the skin. In particular, it acts on the dermis, preventing the formation of collagen and elastin fibers by fibroblasts, which are necessary to maintain the elasticity of rapidly growing skin; this can lead to a lack of support material when the skin is taut and lead to rupture of the skin and epidermis, which in turn can lead to scarring in the form of stretch marks. Stretching leads to the destruction of connective tissue, inflammation, and then scarring as the injury heals.

Rapid stretching tears and visibly thinner the dermis, causing linear streaks (stretch marks) to appear on the top layer of the skin (epidermis). Soon, slightly swollen reddish or purple lines appear perpendicular to the direction of skin tension (striae rubrae).

The color and texture of these lines are different from your normal skin, ranging from purple to pink to light gray. These lines usually appear during or after pregnancy or after sudden weight changes.

During pregnancy, stretch marks are more common in young women than in older women. Epidemiology Stretch marks occur during pregnancy (43% to 88%), puberty (6% to 86%), and obesity (43%).

Read also: Can Stretch Marks Cause Lumps Under Skin

Atrophic striae occur as a result of medical conditions such as Cushing’s syndrome/disease and treatment, usually a local or systemic exogenous corticosteroid [5], or surgery. Those caused by corticosteroid use or Cushing’s syndrome are often larger and wider and can affect other areas, including the face. They often result from rapid changes in weight (increase or decrease) or are associated with endogenous or exogenous corticosteroids. The mechanisms proposed to relate to hormones, physical stretching, and structural changes in dermal collagen and elastic tissue.

Cortisol is a stress hormone produced by the adrenal glands and is converted into cortisone. If corticosteroids are secreted too much, collagen will decrease and skin elasticity will also decrease.

Topical corticosteroids, when overused, can also cause thinning of the skin. Marfan syndrome can lead to a decrease in the elasticity of skin tissue, and Cushing’s syndrome can cause the body to produce too much hormone, leading to rapid weight gain and fragility of the skin. Although the skin is usually quite elastic, when it is overstretched, the normal production of collagen (the main protein that makes up the skin’s connective tissue) is impaired.

Read this too: How To Make Stretch Marks Less Red

Leather has incredibly strong fibers, but their elasticity has limits: it can stretch and crack too much. Although the skin is incredibly flexible, it reaches a point where it can no longer stretch (or stretch fast enough) without causing the tears and scars that we recognize as stretch marks. Skin will not recover to its clear state if it has been stretched as a result of rapid growth due to pregnancy, weight gain, severe weight loss, or strength training with rapid muscle growth.

Read also: How To Take Off Stretch Marks On Thighs

However, it works by targeting smaller areas of the skin, causing less damage to the skin. Microdermabrasion uses a spray head to bombard the skin with tiny crystals of salt, baking soda, or aluminum particles to literally smooth the skin, a process known medically as exfoliation.

Microdermabrasion, chemical peels, laser therapy, radiofrequency or ultrasound can be used to eliminate unwanted stretch marks. New advances in laser surgery can improve the color and texture of stretch marks. There is evidence that laser treatment can help restore skin elasticity and change pigmentation, so that stretch marks can better match the rest of the skin.

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